multiof the civil rights era, watching your own countrymen and country women beat african-americans in the street and beat civil rights activists in the street, and watching on television the horrors of vietnam, you know, a war that lyndon johnson himself never wanted, that the american people never wanted. i mean, those two seminal events so enrage liberals, and understandably so, that they begin to question the basic fairness and decency of their own country. and i argue that american liberals in sum, not all, begin to have a more radical critique of american society than what franklin roosevelt had or john kennedy had. instead of, you know, piecemeal reform they, you know, today want more radical approaches to, um, to change america for the better. and, you know, and so when middle america feels that their country is being demeaned and attacked, and their own values are being demeaned and attacked by, well, the term is appropriate, liberal elites meaning, you know, upper middle class, educated, higher income liberals who take over the democratic party in the late '60s.